Smart Facades / Adaptive Skins


An existing residential building in Vienna was re-envisioned as cluster of inhabitable modules distributed according to the principles of The Game of Life.
Initially, the geometry was optimized according to radiation and wind analysis, as well as circulation constraints. Furthermore, the smart facade was conceived as a rectangular grid base frame wrapping around the modules, consisting of kinetic components strategically positioned to accommodate for specific shading and ventilation parameters.
Our process includes:
-Building geometry design process (based on principles of theory of Game of Life; so that each residential unit has direct access and at least one open facade for light intake, and the optimal overall unit arrangement is to maximize this parameter)
-Facade System Proposal (smart and adaptive facade in terms of energy, environmental factors, programs and functions.
-Facade Components Design (Study and Analysis of moving/ fixed elements, frames and pivot points in a detailed scale of each component.)

Other Team Members: Nasim Nabavi Tafreshi, Katerina Joannides

Building Geometry Proposal - Conway Game of Life / Rules of the Game

The universe of the Game of Life is an infinite orthogonal grid of square cells, each of which is in one of two possible states, alive or dead. Every cell interacts with its eight neighbors, which are the cells that are horizontally, vertically, or diagonally adjacent.
The initial pattern constitutes the seed of the system. The first generation is created by applying the above rules simultaneously to every cell in the seed— births and deaths occur simultaneously, and the discrete moment at which this happens is sometimes called a tick (in other words, each generation is a pure function of the preceding one).

The rules continue to be applied repeatedly to create further generations.
-Any live cell with fewer than two live neighbors dies, as if caused by under-population.
-Any live cell with two or three live neighbors lives on to the next generation.
-Any live cell with more than three live neighbors dies, as if by over-population.
-Any dead cell with exactly three live neighbors becomes a live cell, as if by reproduction.


Vertical and Horizontal Circulations

Our building consists of 8 floors positioning units of 6*6m2 on a base rectangular grid in relation to defined circulation. Distribution of the units would be generated by principals of theory of GAME OF LIFE.


Occupancy Percentages on the Site

Our building consists of 6 floors divided into 3 typologies with lower occupancy percentage as the levels get higher. Distribution of the units would be defined by optimizing their solar radiation intake.


Solar Radiation / Wind Analysis


Ladybug Radiation Analysis
Vienna, Austria / 1 January 1:00 - 31 December 24:00


Ladybug Wind-Rose Analysis
Vienna, Austria / 1 January 1:00 - 31 December 24:00
Hourly Data: Wind Speed (m/s)
Calm for 0.11% of the time = 5 Hours
Each closed polyline shows frequency of 1.4% = 61 Hours

FACADE / Proposal Facade Envelope

Our proposal for the smart facade is a unified system which wraps around the exterior facade and continues on the roof with the ability to behave variously in order to serve and adapt to specific scenarios; consisting of modular components set on a rectangular grid base frame.